Original article from Kent Live
The whole country was left shell-shocked when a young man shot dead five people in Plymouth – including his mum and a 3-year-old girl.
Questions have been asked as to why this hasn't been deemed a terrorist attack, but experts are warning it may be a sign a deadly subculture is spreading.
Gunman Jake Davison may not have identified as an 'incel' – an involuntary celibate' but he makes angry misogynistic remarks on his YouTube account and there's a strong likeness to the group.
What are incels?
Based online, the group are men who describe themselves as "involuntary celibates" – men who feel they are being oppressed by women due to a perceived lack of sexual interest.
Put frankly – men who blame women for their sexual failings.
The group isn't entirely violent and some argue it acts as a support group on some online forums.
But there's no doubt violent misogyny runs deep in many members and its ideology has been linked to previous mass murders.
Incels have been linked to massacres before and were brought under the spotlight when Elliot Rodger, who killed six people in a stabbing and shooting spree in California in May 2014.
Before he turned the gun on himself, he shared propaganda about his views and the incel community he was part of.
He has been almost canonised by some of the community who refer to him as Saint Rodger.
A few years later, Alex Minassian launched a deadly attack in Toronto, Canada, killing 10 people and injury 16 more when he rammed a rented van into a pedestrians.
Shortly before the massacre he posted to Facebook that "the Incel Rebellion has already begun".
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Is it on the rise?
Tim Wilson, director of the Centre for the Study of Terrorism and Political Violence at the University of St Andrews, said the rise of social media and the internet had helped to create a movement.
He told Press Association: “This isn’t sophisticated, but the problem is the volume of people who might be flirting with this kind of scene."
Laura Bates, who researched incel culture while researching her book Men Who Hate Women, says there could be as many as 10,000 incels in the UK – and hundreds of thousands more across the world.
She told The Guardian: “They’re very actively and deliberately grooming and recruiting and radicalising young men.
“Without even explicitly being a member of these communities, you can still very much be affected by that ideology, particularly as a teenage boy online.”
Women 'more at risk from partner's
Sir Peter Fahy, former chief constable of Greater Manchester Police, suggested that partners and ex-partners were more of a risk to women than “incels” – so-called involuntary celibates.
Sir Peter told BBC Breakfast on Saturday: “I think there is an awareness and there is indeed a debate in policing about this sort of misogyny and this more extreme misogyny.
“I think you would have to say that when you look at the overall threat and risk to women they are more at risk from a person that is known to them, that they are in a relationship with or have just left a relationship with.
“So, I do think this is a threat, it’s a worry, but it mustn’t be taken out of context.”
Sir Peter said giving high publicity to cases involving incels could put these thoughts into other people’s minds.
When asked how high on the list police put misogyny and misogynistic crimes, he said: “A lot of people would say not high enough. As I said, there is a big debate as to whether misogyny should be classed as a hate crime and the police should take it more seriously.
“In terms of this particular phenomena, it is about the growing awareness in policing and counter terrorism of extreme right-wing activity, which some of this falls into, and more and more disturbed people really sharing this sort of extreme material on the internet.
“The other difficult issue about this is, unfortunately, when we give high publicity to these cases, which is inevitable given the size of the tragedy, the trouble is it puts thoughts in other people’s minds.
“We must be careful we don’t build these people up too much.”